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Archive | Malware

View all postings from the Malware category in “Security to the Core,” the Arbor Networks Security Engineering and Response Team Blog.

Bedep’s DGA: Trading Foreign Exchange for Malware Domains

As initially researched by Trend Micro [1] [2], Zscaler [1] [2], Cyphort, and Malware don’t need Coffee, the Bedep malware family focuses on ad / click fraud and the downloading of additional malware. ASERT’s first sample dates from September 22, 2014, which is in line with when Trend Micro started seeing it in their telemetry. […]

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Neverquest: A global threat targeting Financials

By: ASERT Research Team On March 31st, Arbor’s Security Engineering & Response Team (ASERT) published a detailed threat brief on the Neverquest malware for Arbor customers. Along with thousands of IOC’s (indicators of compromise), the brief details Neverquest’s current inner workings and describes some reversing techniques ASERT uses to unravel and monitor this stealthy and […]

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The Citadel and Gameover Campaigns of 5CB682C10440B2EBAF9F28C1FE438468

As the infosec community waits for the researchers involved to present their Zeus Gameover take down spoils at the next big conference; ASERT wanted to profile a threat actor that uses both Citadel, “a particularly sophisticated and destructive botnet”, and Gameover, “one of the most sophisticated computer viruses in operation today”, to steal banking credentials. Citadel […]

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Illuminating The Etumbot APT Backdoor

The Arbor Security Engineering Response Team (ASERT) has released a research paper concerning the Etumbot malware. Etumbot is a backdoor used in targeted attacks since at least March 2011. Indicators suggest that Etumbot is associated with the Numbered Panda group, also known as IXEHSE, DynCalc, and APT12.  Although previous research has covered related malware, little […]

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The Best Of Both Worlds – Soraya

By Matt Bing & Dave Loftus Arbor Networks’ ASERT has recently discovered a new malware family that combines several techniques to steal payment card information. Dubbed Soraya, meaning “rich,” this malware uses memory scraping techniques similar to those found in Dexter to target point-of-sale terminals. Soraya also intercepts form data sent from web browsers, similar […]

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Into the Light of Day: Uncovering Ongoing and Historical Point of Sale Malware and Attack Campaigns

Point of Sale systems that process debit and credit cards are still being attacked with an increasing variety of malware. Over the last several years PoS attack campaigns have evolved from opportunistic attacks involving crude theft of card data with no centralized Command & Control, through memory scraping PoS botnets with centralized C&C and most […]

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Trojan.Eclipse — A Bad Moon Rising?

ASERT’s malware collection and processing system has automatic heuristics that bubble up potentially new and interesting DDoS malware samples into a “for human analysis” queue. A recent member of this queue was Trojan.Eclipse and this post is my analysis of the malware and its associated campaigns. Analysis was performed on the sample with an MD5 […]

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Dexter and Project Hook Point-of-Sale Malware Activity Update

An increase in credit and debit card theft via Point of Sale (PoS) malware campaigns over the late 2013 holiday season has resulted in significant media attention and has likely emboldened threat actors as the success of past campaigns comes to light. Media attention has decreased since news of the Target breach and associated fallout, […]

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